2006/Aug/22

การใช้active และ passive voice (2)

ตารางการกระจายกริยาแบบ Passive Voice (กรรมวาจก)ใน Tense (กาล) ต่างๆ

Tenses

V. to be

Past Participles

Present Simple
is, am, are

Thai is spoken in Thailand.

spoken

Present Continuous
is, am, are + being

He is being punished now.

punished

Present Perfect
has, have + been

The new building has been planned.

planned

Present Perfect Continuous
had, have + been + V.ing

The game has been being played for 2 hours.

played

Past Simple
was, were

Our house was painted last year.

painted

Past Continuous
was, were + being

When I arrived, the last guest speaker was being introduced.

introduced

Past Perfect had been

The work had been done before we got up.

done

*Past Perfect Continuous had been + being

When I knew him, he had been being trained for 2 years.

trained

Future Simple
will + be

He will be caught be the police some day.

caught

Future Simple
is, am, are + going to + be

The news is going to be published soon.

published

*Future Continuous
will be + being

At 10 o'clock tomorrow, he will be being questioned.

questioned

Future Perfect
will have + been

By next June, the tests will have been completed.

completed

*Future Perfect Continuous
will have + been + being

By tomorrow, the experiment will have been being conducted for 5 hours.

conducted

ข้อสังเกต Tense ที่มีเครื่องหมาย * ทั้ง 4 tense ไม่เป็นที่นิยมใช้ เพราะยาวและเยิ่นเย้อมากเกินไป

ตารางการกระจายกริยาแบบ Passive Voice (กรรมวาจก) กับกริยาช่วย Modal ต่างๆ

Modal Verbs

V. to be

Past Participles

may,might
can, could
must, haveto
ought to
used to
etc.

+ be +

Past Participle
V3

ข้อควรระวังในการใช้รูปประโยคแบบ passive

a. ถ้าต้องการใช้ Passive Voice ในรูปประโยคคำถามที่มี Question Words ก็วาง Question Words ไว้หน้าประโยคเหมือนในรูป Active Voice ยกเว้นคำว่า Who ให้เปลี่ยนเป็น By Whom เช